How Do Interest Groups Lobby To Achieve Their Goals
Interest groups, organizations that share the same interest, play an influential role in politics. The forming of interest group has no political base but the interest they represent make them lobby for the cause within political means. Interest groups are channels through which the public pulse is let known to the law makers.
Interest Group And Its Types
An interest group is a group of people, either organized or non-organized, who get together for a common cause. The organized groups produce better results. They work in a specific way to influence the elected representatives of the country to pass bills favoring their cause and to not sponsor bills that are against public welfare.
Interest groups are broadly classified as economic interest group and non-economic interest group.
Economic Interest Groups
Economic interest groups hope to achieve economic gain for the members in it groups. The cause for which such groups fight do not benefit the general public. The types of economic interest groups include:
· Business groups
· Labor groups
· Agricultural groups
· Professional groups
Noneconomic groups fight not for economic gain but in the interest of public welfare. The society as a whole is benefitted by the cause for which noneconomic groups fight. The types of noneconomic groups include:
· Single-issue groups
· Public interest groups
· Ideological groups
· Government groups
How Do Interest Groups Lobby
Interest groups start at the very beginning and work all the way up to ensure their demands are met.
1) Influencing Elections
Interest groups start with influencing the elections. They extend support to candidates who believe in the cause of the particular interest group. Right from influencing the public in favor of the candidate to donating for their election campaign, interest groups work in an organized way to secure their goal.
2) Gaining Access
Reaching out to an official is no easy task. Considering the tight schedule they have, interest groups employ different tactics to gain access to them. The interest group tries to meet the elected representative personally to voice their concern. In most of the cases the time they get to meet the official is too short to stress on their needs. In such cases, they hire the services of professional representatives. There are times when they have celebrities represent their cause as it is easier for them to meet with the official.
3) Mutual Gain
Lawmakers being on a tight schedule may not help with getting their appointment. But there is another side to it. Busy lawmakers seek the help of interest groups to present them with the various aspects and outcome of a bill to be passed. They also depend on the interest groups to know if the public’s opinion favors a cosponsor for the legislation proposed or otherwise. Interest groups gain as well as they get to educate the legislators on the technical aspects of the bill and such detailing is always in favor of the cause for which the group fights.
4) Try It All Technique
Lobbyists never stop till they achieve. If lobbying fails at the legislative and executive levels, they try lobbying the judiciary. Filing lawsuit against the bill passed, filing friend of the court brief and presenting arguments that support their cause are some of the tactics they use for judicial lobby.
5) Gaining People Support
Elected representatives think twice before they take action against the voice of public as to these people they need to come to seek votes in the next election. Interest groups mobilize people in large numbers to show on whose side the public is. Apart from email campaigns, interest groups organize large rallies to support their cause.
Planned approach of interest groups often succeed particularly if the cause for which they fight benefits the public.